Learn about the vitamin E benefits for kids and which vitamin E rich foods you can include in meals and snacks.
Vitamin E plays an important role in the growth and development of children. Fortunately, vitamin E for kids is not a concern for most families.
The History of Vitamin E
When vitamin E was discovered in 1922, it was called the “fertility vitamin.” Researchers found that lab rats fed a diet deficient in vitamin E became sterile and only regained their fertility after consuming vitamin E.
A few years after its discovery, vitamin E was scientifically named tocopherol from the Greek word tokos meaning childbirth, and phero meaning to bring forth.
Vitamin E was officially recognized for its role as an essential dietary substance in normal fetal development.
Alpha Tocopherols and Vitamin E
Even though its name makes it sound like a single substance, vitamin E is actually a family of essential vitamins that include both tocopherols and tocotrienols.
Naturally occurring vitamin E exists in eight chemical forms that have varying levels of biological activity.
Alpha-tocopherol is the only form of vitamin E that is recognized to meet human requirements.
Vitamin E is a fat-soluble nutrient, like vitamin D, which means it needs to be consumed with fat to be properly and optimally absorbed in the body.Alpha-tocopherol is the only form of vitamin E that is recognized to meet human requirements. #vitaminEforkids Click To Tweet
Vitamin E is an Antioxidant
Vitamin E works as an antioxidant in the body. Antioxidants are elements that protect cell membranes from damage.
You may have seen advertisements for skin cream with vitamin E, touting its anti-aging effects and use of free radicals.
Free radicals have been linked to the onset of premature aging, cancer, cataracts, and many degenerative diseases, like macular degeneration which causes vision loss.
Furthermore, vitamin E benefits the skin by protecting it from ultraviolet radiation and has been shown to aid the immune system, helping to prevent infections.
What Happens When You Can’t Get Enough Vitamin E?
Inadequate vitamin E can cause neurological problems, such as nerve and muscle damage that can cause a loss of feeling in the arms and legs, poor body movement control, and muscle weakness.
Vision problems and a weak immune system may also be signs of vitamin E deficiency.
The good news? Vitamin E deficiency is rare.
However, it does exist. It’s seen in people who cannot absorb dietary fat.
It’s also been found in premature, very low birth weight infants and occurs in those children and adults with rare disorders of fat metabolism.
How Much Vitamin E Do Kids Need?
The Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) for children are:
Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) for Vitamin E (Alpha-Tocopherol) **
|0-6 months*||4 mg|
|7-12 months*||5 mg|
|1-3 years||6 mg|
|4-8 years||7 mg|
|9-13 years||11 mg|
|14+ years||15 mg|
*Adequate Intake (AI)
**Adapted from The NIH Office of Dietary Supplements
What Foods Have Vitamin E?
Wheat germ oil is the most abundant source of vitamin E.
Did you know that eating just 1 cup of raisin bran with 1 ounce of almonds meets 100% of the Daily Value for an adult or child 4 years of age and older?
Check out some of the foods that contain E:
Selected Vitamin E Foods (Alpha-Tocopherol) *
|Percent Daily Value (DV)|
|Wheat germ oil, 1 tablespoon||20.3||100|
|Almonds, dry roasted, 1 ounce||7.4||40|
|Sunflower seeds, dry roasted, 1 ounce||6.0||30|
|Sunflower oil, 1 tablespoon||5.6||28|
|Safflower oil, 1 tablespoon||4.6||25|
|Hazelnuts, dry roasted, 1 ounce||4.3||22|
|Peanut butter, 2 tablespoons||2.9||15|
|Peanuts, dry roasted, 1 ounce||2.2||11|
|Corn oil, 1 tablespoon||1.9||10|
|Spinach, boiled, ½ cup||1.9||10|
|Broccoli, chopped, boiled, ½ cup||1.2||6|
|Soybean oil, 1 tablespoon||1.1||6|
|Kiwifruit, 1 medium||1.1||6|
|Mango, sliced, ½ cup||0.9||5|
|Tomato, raw, 1 medium||0.8||4|
|Spinach, raw, 1 cup||0.6||4|
*Adapted from The NIH Office of Dietary Supplements
Can Vitamin E Be Toxic for Kids?
Research shows it is unlikely to experience toxicity from vitamin E when it’s eaten in food form alone.
However, vitamin E supplements taken in very high dosages have been shown to have toxic effects, like hemorrhaging.
The Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) for Vitamin E applies to supplemental vitamin E only, so unless a child is taking vitamin E supplements, there is generally no need to worry about overdosing or toxicity issues.
In other words, it’s generally accepted that you cannot get too much vitamin E if you stick with food. This rings true for most nutrients: Food is the best and safest source of nutrients.It's unlikely a child will get too much vitamin E if he sticks with food. #vitaminEforkids #thenourishedchild Click To Tweet
Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs) for Vitamin E in Children*
|1-3 years||200 mg|
|4-8 years||300 mg|
|9-13 years||600 mg|
|14-18 years||800 mg|
*Adapted from The NIH Office of Dietary Supplements
Bottom Line: Vitamin E is necessary for children. The benefits outweigh the drawbacks, especially if you focus on vitamin E foods.
How do you include Vitamin E in your child’s diet?
Need More Help with Nutrients for Your Child?
This post has been updated in January 2019 from its original version.